The Queensland Literary Awards recognise outstanding achievement by Australian writers. All nominations are checked for eligibility by State Library of Queensland staff and forwarded to the category judges.

Each category is assessed by a panel of independent judges, with a minimum of three judges assigned to each category. Judges are invited by State Library of Queensland on a three-year term, and are subject to an internal vetting process. Panels are made up of a mix of authors, critics, academics, publishers, media professionals, editors, librarians, reviewers, teachers, arts organisation representatives, booksellers and journalists.

Judges have eight weeks to read the nominations, assess the merit of the work, meet and discuss the nominations and decide on the finalists and winners. The judges will award the category prize to the nomination deemed to possess the highest literary merit.

Judges will disclose any actual or potential conflicts of interest as soon as they become aware of them, and not participate in judging activities related to that nomination. Judging panels may contact authors or nominators to request additional information if they feel it is required. Judges also have the right to move a nomination to a different category if they deem the category to be more relevant.
The outcomes of the judging process are final and no discussion or correspondence will be entered into in regards to final award decisions or the judging process. Queensland Literary Awards reserves the right not to award in a category.